Oral and dental health is of great importance in every period of human life. Oral and dental health problems and aesthetic problems caused by teeth can seriously negatively affect people’s lives. Oral and dental health problems can also affect general health. For this reason, it is necessary to rely on fully equipped health institutions and professional dentists with experience in oral and dental health.
Preventive Dentistry Practices
Preventive dentistry applications are applications aimed at protecting the existing oral and dental health in general. In addition to not providing proper hygienic care for many years, not taking the necessary preventive measures also plays an important role in the deterioration of oral and dental health. For this reason, today, with preventive dentistry practices, necessary precautions are taken while oral and dental health has not yet deteriorated and problems such as dental caries that may be seen in the future are prevented. Preventive dentistry is especially important in childhood and adolescence. Generally, preventive dentistry applications in these age groups can be listed as topical fluoride applications and fissure sealants applied especially to molars.
Sometimes the pulp tissue, which is the deepest tissue of the teeth and contains nerves and vascular packets, is damaged due to reasons such as caries affecting deep dental tissues and sometimes traumas. Damage to this tissue can cause pulp diseases that cause severe pain or teeth may lose their vitality. If the teeth cannot maintain their vitality for any reason, the nerve tissues in the center of the tooth, that is, the pulp must be cleaned. This treatment is called endodontic treatment, i.e. root canal treatment. Dentists specializing in endodontics are called endodontists. As a result of neglect of endodontic treatments, lesions may occur in the tooth roots and even tooth loss may occur. Therefore, endodontic treatments are of serious importance in oral and dental health.
When it comes to oral health, gums are as important as teeth. Although the deterioration of gum health sometimes consists of simple gum bleeding, sometimes it can cause serious problems that can lead to tooth loss. The branch of dentistry that includes the diagnosis and treatment of gum diseases is called periodontology, and dentists specializing in this field are called periodontologists. Periodontological treatments are applied for tartar cleaning, cleaning and surgical curettage of tooth-root surfaces, and removal of gingival recession. In addition to these, the diagnosis and treatment of diseases such as diseases of the gum tissues around the implant, gingival bleeding, tooth sensitivity, and bad breath are performed in the periodontology department.
Child treatments have a special place in dentistry. Dental caries seen at an early age both damage oral development and may affect the general health and development of the child with a negative effect on the child’s nutrition. In addition, the fear of dentists, which can develop in early childhood, can make children’s later life difficult. All applications such as the follow-up of oral and dental development needed in childhood, the treatment of milk tooth decay, as well as the placeholders that should be applied due to early tooth loss, are all within the field of interest of pedodontics. Pedodontics includes the diagnosis and treatment of patients between the ages of 0-15 as well as preventive applications. Pedodontic applications cover a long period including the toothless period, the period when deciduous teeth begin to erupt, the mixed dentition period when permanent teeth begin to erupt and the period when permanent teeth are completed. It is of great importance to consult specialist pedodontists when necessary to ensure that children’s psychology is not adversely affected and that they receive dental treatment under healthy conditions.
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a branch of surgical science that deals with all surgical interventions involving teeth and oral tissues as well as jaw bones and joints. All surgical procedures related to the mouth, such as impacted tooth operations, treatment of cysts and lesions in the jaw bones, implant treatments, graft, i.e. bone powder applications to eliminate the dimensional loss of jaw bones, treatment of jaw fractures, apical resection and similar surgical procedures are performed under local anesthesia by specialist oral and maxillofacial surgeons.
In the past, only prosthesis methods were applied to eliminate tooth deficiencies. However, the prostheses made to eliminate tooth deficiencies brought deficiencies such as damage to the healthy teeth by reducing them and not providing the necessary comfort in toothless mouths. With the emergence of implantology treatments, it has become possible to eliminate tooth deficiencies and complete edentulism without these problems.
Implant treatments consist of two stages: the surgical stage where the implants are placed in the jawbone and the prosthetic stage where the prosthetic teeth with superstructures are applied. Implant applications are applied in order to realize fixed prosthesis applications or to make removable prostheses more stable in the mouth. With the developing technology, implant treatment can be applied in almost every case.
When it comes to dental treatments, situations such as the treatment of decayed teeth and the compensation of missing teeth usually come to mind, but today, smile aesthetics related to teeth and gums are also of great importance. Causes such as tooth decay, excessive discoloration, crowding, defects on the tooth surface and form, and the position of the gums relative to the teeth negatively affect dental aesthetics. Situations, where smile aesthetics are not good enough, cause negative effects on people both socially and psychologically.
Conditions that disrupt smile aesthetics can be corrected with modern aesthetic dentistry applications. Applications such as whitening treatments, composite or porcelain lamina applications, porcelain veneer applications, and gum arrangements are among aesthetic dentistry applications.
The solution to problems such as tooth deficiencies, decayed teeth with material loss that cannot be repaired by filling methods, tooth fractures, and aesthetic problems due to the structure of the tooth is possible with dental prostheses.
Prosthesis treatments have a very wide range of applications. The first of these is tooth deficiencies. There are two types of applications in the elimination of tooth deficiencies with prosthesis methods. The first of these is removable prostheses applied to mouths with toothless or very few teeth, and the other is veneer treatments in cases where the loss of material in the tooth is high and bridge applications in case of a small number of tooth deficiencies, ie fixed prostheses. Veneers and bridges can be made with many different alternative methods and materials.
In addition to tooth deficiencies, prosthesis applications are also used in cases where the teeth have aesthetic deficiencies that cannot be eliminated by other methods. Lamina porcelains are examples of aesthetic prosthetic applications applied in such cases. The structures on the implant are also created with various prosthesis methods and these are called implant prostheses.
Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with tooth crowding, disorders in tooth closure, and disorders in the relationship between the upper and lower jaws, and dentists who specialize in this field are called orthodontists. Teeth with crooked and irregular appearance are one of the most disturbing situations in people’s smiles. In addition, other factors such as gapped teeth and incompatibility in the position of the bones of the jaws with each other badly affect both the appearance of the teeth and facial aesthetics. On the other hand, such disorders can also impair chewing function. The healthiest solution to all these dental appearance and jaw structure problems is possible with orthodontic treatment, also known as wire treatment.
- Headaches and migraines
- Movement disorders (e.g. Parkinson’s disease)
- EEG (electroencephalography)
- EMG (electromyography)
- Advanced EEG Monitoring for Epilepsy
- MRI & MRA
- Spiral CT / 3D CT
The unit comprises a general pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition clinic and puts emphasis on specialized clinics such as inflammatory bowel disease clinic (one of the largest in Israel), a liver clinic, and a lipids clinic. The general clinics serve as a center for diagnosis and treatment of additional diseases of the digestive system such as celiac disease, peptic ulcer and gastrointestinalbleeding, allergies and food intolerance, pancreatic diseases, stomach pain and constipation.
The diagnostics and dietary treatments include, among others, treatment of children with growth disorders, malnutrition, short bowel syndrome,eating disorders, food allergies and chronic diarrhea, as well as dietary treatments for children with special needs.
- Down Syndrome
- Glycogen Storage Diseases
- Lysosomal Storage Disorders
- Pediatric Neuromuscular Disease
- Pompe Disease
- Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases
- Tuberous Sclerosis Complex
Pediatric cardiologists are pediatricians who specialize in cardiology. Physicians who specialize in cardiac surgery are called cardiothoracic surgeons or cardiac surgeons, a specialty of general surgery.
Although the cardiovascular system is inextricably linked to blood, cardiology is relatively unconcerned with hematology and its diseases. Some obvious exceptions that affect the function of the heart would be blood tests (electrolyte disturbances, troponins), decreased oxygen carrying capacity (anemia, hypovolemic shock), and coagulopathies.
- Growing pains
- Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
- Systemic lupus erythematosus
- Juvenile dermatomyositis
- Idiopathic fever episodes
- Recurrent fever
- Familial Mediterranean Fever
- Behçet’s disease
- Henoch-Schönlein purpura
- Kawasaki disease
- Polyarteritis nodosa and microscopic polyangitis
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Wegener’s granulomatosis
- Benign hypermobile joint syndrome
For healthy adulthood, psychological problems in childhood and adolescence should be prevented before they occur, and if there is a psychiatric illness, it should be treated correctly. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry has critical importance for the individual to lead a healthy life when he/she reaches adulthood, to be a self-confident person, and to treat larger and difficult-to-treat permanent psychiatric diseases in the early period. Compared to the past period, the scope, social activity and requirements of the field of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry are expanding rapidly in our country and in the world. Since it is a very comprehensive field, it is in direct interaction with all biological, sociological, and psychological sciences.
Mental Health in Individuals in Childhood and Adolescence
The physical and mental structures of children and adolescents, which are in constant development, require psychological examination, observation, and treatment processes that go beyond the definitions of mental health in adults and include unique concepts. For this reason, the field of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, which focuses on childhood and adolescence, has been developed in addition to Psychiatry departments that examine the mental health and diseases of adults. Almost every age represents a different mental development process in individuals in childhood and adolescence who progress in the process of becoming an adult. For this reason, in the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, different psychological structures, family structures, and environmental factors corresponding to different developmental periods are examined in detail, the psychological developmental stage of the child and adolescent is determined, as possible problems and diseases are determined and necessary diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up processes are successfully applied.
Diseases of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
The stage in human life where the most development and change takes place in terms of both physiological structure and character development is the 0-18 age range, which includes childhood and adolescence periods. All kinds of changes observed in the individual during this period have permanent effects that not only affect this period but also direct the whole life. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, a branch of medicine that focuses on psychological development and psychiatric diseases in this period, is defined by the European Union of Medical Specialists as “the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of mental health problems in children under the age of 18 by a specialist physician with medical methods, standards, and approaches”.
In the Department of Child and Adolescent Mental Health and Diseases, individual psychotherapy (psychoanalytic, supportive, cognitive behavioral therapies, EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing), Autogenic Relaxation Therapy, family therapy, drug therapy, and psychometric evaluations are applied and treatment services are provided to children and adolescents aged 0-18. Physicians with expertise in the field of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry also receive support from psychologists who are experts in their field in the management of various diagnostic tests and treatment processes. A number of developmental, attention, and intelligence tests are applied by psychologists to help diagnose psychiatric disorders specific to childhood and adolescence. Commonly preferred among these tests are as follows:
AGTE The AGTE test, which stands for Ankara Developmental Screening Inventory, is a developmental assessment tool applied to infants and children aged 0-6 years. The test, which is applied by marking one of the options of yes, no and don’t know, has 154 questions in total and consists of 4 subtests: Language-Cognitive, Fine Motor, Gross Motor, and Social Skills-Self-Care.
Denver 2 Development Test: In this test, which is one of the measurement tools developed to detect developmental problems that may be encountered in young children, it is evaluated whether the child has the appropriate skills required by the age, while situations that may be seen as developmentally suspicious are measured objectively and children at risk are identified. Consisting of 4 sub-sections, the test consists of 116 questions in total.
Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test: Used to measure language development and vocabulary knowledge in children and adolescents between the ages of 2.5-18, the test includes questions aimed at measuring word and concept development with pictures. There are 100 questions in total in the test consisting of questions in the form of selecting one of the 4 pictures and 1 point is taken for each correct answer.
Bender-Gestalt Visual Motor Perception Test: This test, which is applied to evaluate visual-motor functions in children, is applied to children between the ages of 5.5 and 11. Children are given 9 different shapes and asked to draw these shapes on a blank paper. The drawings are evaluated and visual intelligence, regression, loss of function, and organic brain damage are analyzed.
Metropolitan School Readiness Tests: These tests, which are applied to preschool children who are preparing to start school, are used to investigate whether the child has school maturity in physical, social, cognitive, and emotional terms. In the tests, issues such as whether the child has the necessary self-care skills and whether the child has completed fine and gross motor muscle development are examined.
Koppitz Human Drawing Test: This test, which is applied to determine the level of emotional maturity in children between the ages of 4-9 and possible problems in the emotional development process, is also used to examine whether the child’s emotional maturity is in direct proportion to age.
Porteus Labyrinths Test: The test, which is not based on verbal explanation and is applied by finding the exit path of 12 labyrinths, aims to determine general ability. It is applied to individuals between the ages of 7.5-14.
OKHT (School Readiness Test): In the OKHT test, the basic knowledge and skills of children younger than 6 years and 4 months who have experienced difficulties in the kindergarten period and who are hesitant about whether they should start first grade are tested. It consists of 7 sections measuring development in different areas and 90 questions in total.
Kent EGY Test: In the Kent EGY test, which is a verbal performance-based test, the intelligence of children between the ages of 6-14 who have no problems in hearing, speech, and verbal expression are examined and possible pathologies are detected. This test, which has no time limit, is based on knowledge and language.
Gesell Development Figures Test: In this test, which measures the development of visual perception, 9 geometric figures ranked from easy to difficult are given and the child is asked to put these figures on paper correctly. This test, which measures performance, has no time limit and is applied to children between the ages of 1-7. According to the test result, the child’s mental age and average intelligence level are determined.
Among the tests mentioned above, those appropriate to the findings obtained during the psychiatrist and psychologist examination are applied and the child’s language cognitive development, psychosocial development, social skills, self-care development, fine motor-coarse motor development, visual perception age, and receptive language ages are measured. If any psychiatric disease suspected during the examination is also seen as a result of the test, the treatment process is initiated appropriately by Child and Adolescent Psychiatry specialists.
Moxo d-CPT Attention Performance Test: The test, which is applied to detect problems such as attention deficit, hyperactivity disorder, timing disorder, and impulsivity in children, includes visual and auditory distractors. Applied to children and adolescents aged 7 and over, the test can also be used for adults.
R.B. Cattel Test 2A and 3A: The Cattel test developed by R.B. Cattel has differentiated forms such as 2A and 3A according to the age range in which it is applied. The test, which is prepared in a culture-free manner, can be applied in every society. Intelligence and performance level is measured with the test in which individuals in the appropriate age group are asked to answer the form given to them within a certain period of time.
In the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, the psychological tests given above, which must be performed by specialists, are meticulously applied and compared with clinical findings. As a result, possible psychological problems are identified, an appropriate treatment plan is determined and the treatment process is initiated to prevent psychological problems. If your child between the ages of 0-18 has emotional or behavioral symptoms or signs that may adversely affect his/her daily life, mental and physical development, school success, and relationships with other people, you can apply to child psychiatry specialists.
Dermatology is a branch of medicine, which studies structure, functions and diseases of skin, its appendages (hair, nails) and mucous coat, and also methods of prevention and treatment of skin diseases. Some of the most widespread dermatologic diseases are pustular, parasitic and mucous skin diseases, virus dermatosis, lichen, eczema, psoriasis, diseases of hair, sweat and oil glands, and vitiligo (pigmentation disorder).
Successful and effective treatment of skin diseases depends largely on early diagnostics and further prevention treatment of a disease. Modern dermatology takes a wholistic approach to resolving a person’s skin problems. At the initial stage of any treatment and recovery process a complex check-up is performed, including laboratory tests and diagnostic examinations.
The purpose of examinations is to detect the real reason of disease and further eliminate not just local skin affection, but the systemic disturbance in the organism as well. Patient suffering from skin disease of varying severity is usually prescribed medicament and non-medicament therapy combined with special diet. Such combination of external and internal impact factors is in most cases essential to achieve complete recovery. Achievements of modern microbiology, immunology and biochemistry make it possible to diagnose a disease at an early stage, conduct successful and painless treatment. Today’s dermatologist employs a whole range of innovative developments and pharmacologic medications of the new generation. They include laser, radio- and phototherapy, digital skin visualization with video microscopic equipment and the following computer processing of results, cryo technologies, pharmacological drugs and medications for external application.
Clinical Dieticians stationed in Divisional Hospitals play a very important role in the health care team in providing nutritional care to patients in various states and conditions. Clinical Dieticians monitor, assess and optimise nutritional status based on the patient’s medical condition and /or nutrition adequacy. A patient’s medical/surgical and nutritional need is conferred with the physician, along with a recommendation for special dietary feeds. Patients are also taught by Clinical Dieticians on nutritionally sound food choices to prevent further complication of diseases, speed up recovery, restore good health and maintain a healthy lifestyle.
- Injuries and trauma, including burns, fractures (broken bones), traumatic brain injury, and spinal cord injuries
- Severe infections
- Major surgery
- Side effects from medical treatments, such as from cancer treatments
- Certain birth defects and genetic disorders
- Developmental disabilities
- Chronic pain, including back and neck pain
- Assistive devices, which are tools, equipment, and products that help people with disabilities move and function
- Cognitive rehabilitation therapy to help you relearn or improve skills such as thinking, learning, memory, planning, and decision making
- Mental health counseling
- Music or art therapy to help you express your feelings, improve your thinking, and develop social connections
- Nutritional counseling
- Occupational therapy to help you with your daily activities
- Physical therapy to help your strength, mobility, and fitness
- Recreational therapy to improve your emotional well-being through arts and crafts, games, relaxation training, and animal-assisted therapy
- Speech-language therapy to help with speaking, understanding, reading, writing and swallowing
- Treatment for pain
- Vocational rehabilitation to help you build skills for going to school or working at a job
- Operations applied on General Surgery
- Breast cancer and benign diseases of breast
- Diseases of thyroid gland ( goiter, hyperthyroid )
- Benign, malignant tumors and cysts of liver
- Obstructive jaundices
- Several soft-tissue infections
- Esophageal cancer and benign diseases of esophagus
- Stomach cancer, problems of stomach and duodenum
- Gastric balloon treatment for obese patients
- Surgical diseases of small bowel and bowe obstructions
- The colon and rectum tumors, inflammatory diseases
- Anorectal diseases ( tumors, hemorrhoids, anal fissure, fistula )
- Galbladder and paths, galbladder stones and tumors
- Pancreatic cysts and tumors
- Traumas and emergency surgery
- Acute and chronic pancreatitis
- Surgical diseases of the splin
- Abdominal wall and ingenual hernias
- General surgery keeps in step with developing technology, too. Thus, operations like gallbladder that was done in an open way earlier, have been able to be done in a closed manner. Patients may recover and return back to their normal lives in a short time after many operations by using technology active and productive.
Thoracic surgery is a medical science that deals with the trauma and surgical treatment of diseases of organs and regions (chest wall, ribs, lungs, lung membranes, mediastinum, diaphragm, esophagus) other than the heart and main vessels located in the chest cavity. Congenital deformations in the thorax, tumor formations, stenosis, and obstructions in the respiratory tract, tumors, and congenital or later developed diseases of the lungs, diaphragm, and esophagus are diagnosed, treated and followed up by thoracic surgery clinics. Breast surgery is a branch of a different branch and does not fall within the specialty of thoracic surgery clinics.
In our hospitals, we perform surgical treatments of chest and lung diseases from newborn to adult with our staff consisting of oncology, thoracic diseases and surgery specialists and radiology specialists, and state-of-the-art devices.
Thoracic surgery units deal with cancer diseases of all organs in the thoracic cavity except the heart and great vessels. In addition to chemotherapy and radiotherapy, surgical interventions are often required for cancers of these organs. Surgical procedures usually involve the removal of malignant tumors and some healthy tissue around them, supported by drug therapies. Surgical operations applied in cancer cases provide a very high rate of recovery, especially in cases that have not metastasized to different surrounding tissues and organs.
Emphysema, which is commonly seen in people who smoke and are constantly exposed to cigarette smoke, is a health problem that develops as a result of structural deterioration of the alveoli, the smallest unit responsible for respiration in the lungs. In the treatment, it is essential to apply lifestyle changes to prevent progression as well as improve the current situation. In surgical treatment, appropriate thoracic surgery techniques such as resection (removal) of the diseased area, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), and median sternotomy are performed. The interventions can be performed on one or both lungs depending on the extent of the disease and the patient’s condition.
Tuberculosis, also popularly known as tuberculosis, is a bacterial infectious disease of the lungs. In addition to antibacterial treatment in tuberculosis, which requires long-term treatment, especially when the disease is advanced, surgical interventions are also needed in some cases. Especially in patients who have achieved a certain success rate in treatment, surgical treatment is started and procedures are performed by expert thoracic surgeons by choosing the appropriate one from applications such as decortication procedure, wedge resection, unilateral or bilateral lobectomy, and segmentectomy, which is applied by removing the surface layer of the lung.
MINIMALLY INVASIVE THORACIC SURGERY
Thoracic surgery applications applied with new techniques developed with the help of the opportunities provided by modern medicine are called minimally invasive thoracic surgery. Robotic surgery and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery applications are innovative applications that increase the success rate and shorten the recovery time. With the help of minimally invasive surgical techniques, surgical treatment of many diseases in the field of thoracic surgery, such as most lung cancers, and tumor formations related to the thymus gland and myasthenia gravis disease, is successfully performed today.
The treatment of traumas related to the organs and tissues that thoracic surgery deals with due to factors such as accidents, injuries with cutting and piercing instruments, foreign bodies in the lungs and respiratory tract, and exposure to excessive pressure is carried out by surgical operations to be performed by specialists in thoracic surgery clinics. The treatment of pseudocysts and hematomas is also included in this field.
FLUID COLLECTION IN THE CHEST CAVITY
Fluid accumulation in the chest cavity, which manifests itself with symptoms such as chest pain and shortness of breath during coughing and breathing, develops due to the accumulation of fluid in the area between the ribs and muscles due to various reasons. Some diseases of the lungs, cirrhosis, kidney, and liver diseases, and organ failure are some of the factors that can cause this problem. The accumulated fluid can be drained with the help of surgical interventions. However, the main purpose of the treatment includes the procedures to be carried out to identify and eliminate the factor causing the accumulation of fluid.
LUNG PERFORATION (PNEUMOTHORAX)
Pneumothorax is a health problem that develops due to perforation of the lung surface as a result of trauma occurring directly in the lungs, organs in the neighborhood of the lungs, or ribs. In this condition, which is also called pneumothorax and lung collapse, air and fluid accumulation may also occur in the area where the perforation occurs. Since it is not possible for the lungs to expand by stretching as they should, severe pain may occur during breathing. The treatment is performed by surgical operation in thoracic surgery units.
VOLUME REDUCTION SURGERY IN THE LUNG
One of the surgical techniques used in the treatment of lung diseases is volume reduction surgery. This treatment method, it is aimed obtaining a healthy lung by removing the diseased area from the lung and expanding the healthy part. The operation is performed in thoracic surgery clinics using innovative techniques.
Mediastinoscopy and mediastinotomy techniques, which are used to access the inner and middle parts of the lungs, are frequently used techniques in chest diseases. If performed as a closed operation with the help of endoscopy, the procedure is called mediastinoscopy, and if performed as an open surgical operation, it is called mediastinotomy. It is generally used in the diagnosis and treatment of tumors related to lung cancer.
The endoscopy procedure, which allows visualization of the respiratory tract and bronchi with the help of an unbending tube and a lighted endoscope, is called bronchoscopy. In the procedure performed for the diagnosis or treatment of diseases in the region, it is also possible to take a biopsy when necessary.
Another sub-branch of endoscopy used in thoracic surgery is oesophagoscopy. It can be applied to investigate diseases related to the esophagus, also known as the esophagus, to determine the size and width of the esophagus, to take biopsies of suspicious lesions when necessary, and to treat some diseases with interventional radiology techniques.
CHEST WALL DEFORMITY REPAIRS (NUSS TECHNIQUE)
The Nuss technique, which is applied in the treatment of congenital or later-developed deformations in the chest wall, provides the repair of the hollows in the chest cage with the help of a special technique. Thanks to this technique, which is a simple and effective treatment method, deformities that lead to the development of significant complications in patients can be treated in as little as 20 minutes by opening very small incisions.
VIDEO-ASSISTED THORACOSCOPY (VATS; ENDOSCOPIC, CLOSED THORACIC SURGERY)
Video-assisted thoracoscopy (VATS), one of the modern and innovative methods used in the field of thoracic surgery, is a method that allows many serious diseases related to chest diseases to be performed with closed surgery techniques, requiring fewer incisions and a shorter recovery period. In operations performed with this technique, special metal instruments are inserted into the chest cavity through small incisions of 1.5-2 cm, and the necessary procedures for the treatment of the disease are performed.
The surgical procedures required for the treatment of diseases such as rupture, paralysis, and tumors related to the diaphragm are called diaphragmatic surgery. These include procedures such as stretching the diaphragm and eliminating looseness, repair of structural disorders and tears, and removal of tumors.
TRACHEA SURGERY AND TRACHEAL STENTS
Any surgical intervention performed on the trachea, also known as the trachea or windpipe, is called tracheal surgery. The most common surgical operations performed on the trachea include drilling holes in the trachea to open the respiratory tract and placing stents to treat stenosis in the trachea. These operations, which require precision, are performed by thoracic surgeons who are specialized in their field.
If you have any disease that falls within the expertise of the thoracic surgery unit or if you need to undergo a surgical operation, you can apply to a health institution with state-of-the-art equipment and specialist physicians and have the necessary examinations and examinations. You can plan your treatment and operation process in line with the principles recommended by your physician.
The symptoms of lung cancer include shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing, coughing up blood from the mouth, chest and side pain, back and shoulder pain, weight loss, weakness, loss of appetite, night sweats, and fever. Lung cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the lung. What are the diseases diagnose and treat with TRG? Lung Cancer Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Asthma İnterstitial Lung Disease Sarcoidosis Tuberculosis Pneumonia Pulmonary Embolism
- Cornea Transplant
- Cataract Surgery
- Macular Degeneration Surgery
- Lasik- Laser Refraction
Hematology is a branch of medicine involving the study of blood diseases. Treatment of a large majority of these diseases is vital. Important developments have occurred in hematology in recent years. The rate of treatability of hematologic cancers is rapidly increasing.
What are hematologic diseases?
Anemia, bone marrow deficiency or shortened lifetime of blood cells: Insufficiency of hemoglobin, the substance which carries oxygen in the blood, is called anemia, insufficiency of white cells is called leucopenia, insufficiency of cells called thrombocyte which makes blood clots is called thrombocytopenia. Anemia and impairment of red blood cells can have various reasons. For example: Sickle cell anemia and Thalassemia.
Multiple myeloma, Hodgkin and Non-Hodking lymphoma, acute and chronic leukemia (AML, ALL, KML, KLL), myelodysplastic syndromes, myeloproliferative diseases and other bone marrow, blood and lymph gland diseases
Bleeding and clotting disorders: Disorders in the blood clotting mechanism, bleeding, abnormal clotting.
Diseases related to immune system
- Cardiology Surgical Techniques
- Small Incision Surgery
- Robotic Surgery
- Cardiac Valve Repair without Open Surgery
- Medical specialities
- Disorders of the ear
- Balance disorders/vertigo
- Hearing loss
- Diseases of the nose
- Deviated septum
- Nasal polyps
- Disorders of the throat
- Acute renal failure
- Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
- Electrolyte and acid-base abnormalities
- Genetic and non-genetic renal diseases (e.g., polycystic kidney disease, Alport’s syndrome, glomerulonephritis, end-stage renal disease)
- Hypertension and diabetes based kidney complications*
- Firearm Injury and Treatment
- Broken bones and bone protrusions
- Tears in muscles, tendons, and ligaments
- Sporting injuries
- Walking disorders and congenital deformities
- Congenital hip protrusion
- Skew foot
- Flat foot
- Bandy legs
- Breast Augmentation
- Breast Reconstruction
- Breast Reduction – Gynecomastia
- Breast Lifting
- Congenital anomalies
- Chronic diseases
- Chronic deficits
- Mental deficiency
- Growth-developmental delay